最常见的JavaScript DOM方法一览表

Reaching Elements in a Document :查找或定位某一文档中元素

document.getElementById(‘id’) : Retrieves the element with the given id as an object.

document.getElementsByTagName(‘tagname’) : Retrieves all elements with the tag name tagname and stores them in an array-like list.

Reading Element Attributes, Node Values and Other Data :阅读元素属性,节点值和其它数据

node.getAttribute(‘attribute’) : Retrieves the value of the attribute with the name attribute

node.setAttribute(‘attribute’, ‘value’) : Sets the value of the attribute with the name attribute to value

node.nodeType : Reads the type of the node (1 = element, 3 = text node)

node.nodeName : Reads the name of the node (either element name or #textNode)

node.nodeValue : Reads or sets the value of the node (the text content in the case of text nodes)

Navigating Between Nodes :节点之间的操作

node.previousSibling : Retrieves the previous sibling node and stores it as an object.

node.nextSibling : Retrieves the next sibling node and stores it as an object.

node.childNodes : Retrieves all child nodes of the object and stores them in an list. here are shortcuts for the first and last child node,named node.firstChild and node.lastChild.

node.parentNode : Retrieves the node containing node.

Creating New Nodes :创建一个新的节点

document.createElement(element) : Creates a new element node with the name element. You provide the name as a string.

document.createTextNode(string) : Creates a new text node with the node value of string.

newNode = node.cloneNode(bool) : Creates newNode as a copy (clone) of node. If bool is true, the clone includes clones of all the child nodes of the original.

node.appendChild(newNode) : Adds newNode as a new (last) child node to node.

node.insertBefore(newNode,oldNode) : Inserts newNode as a new child node of node before oldNode.

node.removeChild(oldNode) : Removes the child oldNode from node.

node.replaceChild(newNode, oldNode) : Replaces the child node oldNode of node with newNode.

element.innerHTML : Reads or writes the HTML content of the given element as a string—including all child nodes with their attributes and text content.

Known browser quirks:已知的浏览器怪癖

getAttribute and setAttribute are not reliable. Instead, assign the property of the element object directly: obj.property = value.

Furthermore, some attributes are actually reserved words, so instead of class use className and instead of for use HTMLfor.

Real DOM compliant browsers will return linebreaks as text nodes in the childNodes collection, make sure to either remove them or test for the nodeType.

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